If you are Visiting Wales, you wont regeret it. If you are still deciding, there are somethings you need to know. Wales is an amazing country. Full of History, Cultrure and beautiful countryside. From the dramatic stone monoliths rising from the ground, that are the mountains of Snowdonia. To the more gentle rolling green hills and valleys of South Wales. Over to the golden sands of and empty countryside of Pembrokeshire. The tranquil, almost deserted Mid Wales. A small country covering just over 8,000 square miles (nearly 21,000 square kilometers) and with a population of a little over 3m people, this small, forgotten by many, country punches above its weight on a global scale.
These are just a few things Wales can boast about.
Super Middleweight Boxer Joe Calzagher is Welsh. He holds the record for the longest regigning Super Middle World Champion who defended his title 21 times over more than 10 years, and retired undefeated after 46 fights. Including against the likes of Roy Jones Jnr and Bernard Hopkins.
In 2013, Gareth Bale became the most expensive footballer in the world when Real Madrid paid Tottenham Hotspur £85.1 millon for him He went on to win numerous leage and Champions League titles. In the 2019 final he scored, what is regareded by many, the best Champions League Final goal ever, as he helped Real Madrid win their 3rd consecutive European Cup
In 2017, the capital of Wales, Cardiff, played host to the biggest club football game of them all The Champions League Final. When Gareth Bale and his Mardrid teammates, defetated Juventus in his home town.
In 2010, Golf’s biggest competition, The Ryder Cup, was held at The Celtic Manor Resort in Newport, South Wales.
In 1993, welsh sprinter Colin Jackson broke the world record for the 110m high hurdles. The world record stood for 13 years, and is still the World Championship Record, 21 years later.
In 1897 the worlds first wireless transmission over sea was recieved at Lavernock Point, on the South Wales Coast
In 1904, the worlds first £1,000,000 deal was agreed in Cardiff
In 1999, the Principality Stadium (then known as The Millennium Stadium) was opened. With a 74,500 capacity, at the time it was the largest stadium (by capacity) in the world with a retractable roof. Today only Dallas Cowboys AT&T Stadium, and Real Madrids Bearnabeu are larger and have retractable roofs. Both with capcities of around 80,000
In 2014, the most powerful leaders in the world descended on South Wales, as Cardiff & Newport hosted a G20 summit
In 1794, Ball Bearings were invented by Phillip Vaughan, from Carmarthen
In 1861, Mail-order Shopping was invented by Sir Pryce Jones, a draper in Newton Mid Wales. You could say Amazon is Welsh. It certainly exists because of a Welshman
Childrens Author Roald Dahl (Matilda, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory, James and the Giant Peach etc) was born in Cardiff. While Author & Poet Dylan Thomas was from Swansea
Actors, Micheal Sheen, Anthony Hopkins and Richard Burton are all Welsh. Actor Micheal Douglas’ wife, actress Catherine Zeta-Jones is also Welsh
Singers Tom Jones & Shirly Bassey are Welsh
Y Wyddfa (Mount Snowdon) is the highest mountain in England and Wales.
Anneurin Bevan, the founder of the NHS, was a Welsh.
With more than 600 castles, Wales has more castles per square mile than anywhere in the World. The oldest being Chepstow Castle, which is the oldest non roman structure in the UK. The largest being Caerphilly Castle, which is the 2nd largest Castle in Europe.
Caerleon in South East Wales, has some of the best preserved Roman Remains in the World
Conwy in North Wales, is home to the smallest house in the UK
TV show “The Prisoner” was filmed in Portmerion, North Wales. Dr Who is filmed in Cardiff, South Wales, and countless Hollywood Films have been filmed either in part or in full around Wales
Not to bad for a small country, that many people from outside of the UK think is part of England. There are many reasons to visit Wales, either for a couple of days, or a couple of weeks. If you are Visiting Wales, or thinking about visiting Wales, what do you need to know before you come here though? Especially if you are not from the UK?
Most of these tips, and the information given here are largely based on questions we have been asked by guests on our tours, things we feel may be useful for visitors to know, and general questions we have come across in various places over the years. They are in no particular order.
The climate in Wales, as with most of the UK, is generally fairly mild. And Wet. If you are looking for blue skies and heat, to lounge on the beach, then unfortunately our climate is not likely to give you that. As I often say to guests when on a tour “Wales is an amazing country, and there are thousands of reasons to come here. Unfortunately, the climate isnt one of them”
That is not to say it is never warm and sunny, it’s just not guaranteed at any time of the year.
In Wales, we rarely get extremes of weather, and whilst officially we have four season, Winter, Spring, Summer & Autum, there isnt a huge amount of difference between each of them.
For the purpose of this blog, we will categorise Winter as December, January & February. Typically this is the coldest time of the year, but compared to other parts of the world it still doesnt get VERY cold. Typically temperatues in the winter willl be between 5 and 10 degrees celsius. With the odd day or week dropping down to 0 degrees, and occassionaly -1 or -2 degrees celsius in the nights. Whilst it does happen occassionaly, it is very rare for the temperature to be around zero degrees or just below it for more than one or two days at a time. Typically January is the coldest month of the year in Wales
The Winter Solstice (shortest day of the year) is in December, around the 20th December. On this day, it is dark until around 8:00am in the morning, and is dark again by around 4:00pm. After the solstice, it slowly starts to get lighter earlier and darker later, and by the end of February, it is usually light by 7:00am, if not a bit earlier, and isnt dark until around 6:00pm,or a little later.
During Winter, it is almost certainly going to rain. Not every day, but most days. The chances of going more than 3 days without any rain during the Winter is almost zero. If it does go that long with our rain, it will be cold (typically between -2 & 4 degrees celsius) instead. Which brings me on to Snow. Yes it does snow in Wales. No it doesnt snow much. Especially in South Wales, and on lower ground. In South Wales, we normally get a dusting of snow once or twice a year. Anything more than that is rare. We usually get around 4 or 5 inches once every 5 or 6 years, and it is usually all gone within 36 hours. Because it is a relatively rare occurance to get that much snow, when it does happen, the country grinds to a halt, as we do not have the infrastructure or equipment to handle the snow. The infrequency of it means it is not viable to invest in it either. So we just sit it out for a day, wait for it to all go, and then carry on as normal.
On higher ground, such as The Brecon Beacons and Snowdonia, the mountains will be snow capped most years. Not neccassarily all winter, but they will get snow on them at somepoint.
Of all the seasons spring is the most consistent season year on year. Through March, April & May, the weather does improve slightly. The days get longer, as its gets lighter earlier, and darker later. By the end of May, it is usually light by 5:00am, and doesnt start getting dark until gone 8:00pm.
It also slowly starts to get warmer aswell. During March & April temperatures will typically be around 10-15 degrees Celsius, and by the end of May, they will normally be hovering around 15-20 degrees. There may be the odd day here and there throughout spring where it will be below 10 degree’s celsius, and there may be days where it will go above 20 degree’s, maybe as high as 25 degrees, particularly towards the end of May. These are typical years, but from time to time we do get anomalies. It has snowed in April before, and we have had a heatwave of 25 degrees plus in March before.
During spring, the amount of rain will usually decrease. Where as during winter, it will rain most days, with the odd dry day. By the end of May, this has normally reversed. It will usually be dry most days, but it will still be unusual to go more than 3 or 4 days without any rain at all. This can then vary from quick showers, to continous rain all day.
May is the most consistent month of the year. Most years it is relatively warm towards the end of May, with thier being more chance of a blue sky and dry weather than rain.
June, July & August are prehaps the most unpredictable months of the whole year. In the last 2 years we have had a summer where it didnt rain for 2 months, and the temperature was between 28 degress and 32 degrees every day for the same amount of time, and one summer where it was between 15 degrees and 20 degrees all Summer, and it rained almost every day. These two summers are really the extremes of what summer in Wales can be like.
The last two summers aside, a “typical” Welsh Summer looks a little like this.
In mid June is the summer solstice, the longest day of the year. On this day it is light by 4:00am and wont get dark until nearly 10:00pm. Naturally before the summer solstice is will get lighter earlier, and darker later, and after this will reverse. By the end of August, it is getting light around 5:00am, and is dark around 8:00pm.
Temperatures througout the Summer are “normally” between 20 degrees celsius and 25 degrees celsius, with the odd day hitting 30 degree’s, or dipping to around 15 degrees. Most summers we do tend to have around one or two weeks of very hot (for us) weather. During these weeks, it will normally be close to 30 degrees every day, with the odd day going just above 30 degrees. The highest temperature in Wales was recorded in July 2022, when it hit 37.2 degrees celsisus. When these weeks may occur is any bodies guess, and they arent always consecutive weeks. They could be any time between April and November in reality, although June and July are usually the warmest and driest months of the year.
Over the last 20 or so years, we have been experiencing temperatures closer to 30 degrees, more often though, and over the coming years we could expeience 25 degrees to 30 degrees becoming the typical temperature range.
Normally we have less rain in the summer, than we do in the winter, but we are not normally too many days away from rain. Aside from the two weeks of the year of hot dry weather, it is unusual to go more than 4 or 5 days with no rain at all. When it does rain in the summer, it is normally a shower, than will last for anything from 10 minutes, to a couple of hours, but torrential rain lasting all day is not uncommon.
Much like spring, our Autums are comparatively consistent, as “summer” gives way to winter. The beginning of September is normally still relatively nice, with temperatures usually low 20’s, high teens. Throughout September, the temperature tends to stay relatively constant, but it does generally begin to rain with more consistancy. As we move into October, the temperatures begin to fall steadily. By the end of October, the temperature will normally be between around 10 degress most days, with the frequency of rain generally increasing. At some point during September or October we normally see summer making a late return for a week, where the temperatures will go back up towards 20 degrees or even higher, and we will have a week or so of dry weather and blue skies. By the time we get to November, the temperatures are into the winter range of 5 to 10 degrees celsius and it is raining most days.
By the end of November, it is usually dark by 5:00pm and isnt getting light until gone 7:00am as we get closer to the winter solsitice
Storms and high winds are relatively common place throughout Autumn and Winter, particularly between late October and mid Feburary. Localised flooding is not uncommon, particularly near rives as they burst their banks, and we can experience gales of 40-50mph, with regularly weather warnings and flood alerts.
Pembrokeshire and the West Wales Coast can be particularly hit by strong winds, high tides, and large waves during these storms. Largely due to the Atlantic Ocean being on the Pembrokeshire coast. Although places like Aberystwyth, on the Irish Sea, can also get hit hard during storms. Luckily the storms are not usually strong enough to cause major damage, but they can cause disruption and flooding, or injury due to falls etc, if you are caught in them.
To summarise the welsh climate as whole. It is generally a wet & mild climate, with pockets of hot dry weather, and cold weather, dotted throughout the year. If you are visiting Wales for more than a week, you should be prepared for rain at some point during your stay, and bring some wet weather gear with you, or be prepared to buy some.
language & CULTURE
Wales is a country full of history and culture. Large parts of it being significantly different to other parts of the UK. It can also vary considerably in different parts of the country. South East Wales is both the most populous and cosmoplitan part of Wales. Due to its geographical proximity to England, and also its political, historical, and business links to our neighbour. As you move further into Wales, it can feel more “Welsh” as the welsh identity is less diluted, due to less ties with and influence of England. I wont delve into the historical links and conflict with England, or the reasons for the differences in this blog though. That can left to be discovered and learnt when you visit.
Wales is a devloved Goverment from Westminster. Whilst not a truly independant country, it does have a large degree of autonomy over certain areas of governance. One thing Wales most certainly is not though, is it is not part of England. Part of Great Britain yes, but certainly not part of England. The majority of people in Wales, are very keen to emphasise that fact. Say to some Welsh people that Wales, is part of England, and the conversation will abruptly end. Others can be more understanding about the confusion, and will happily explain why Wales is not part of England.
Welsh culture is rich culture, with its own celtic based language. With close ties to the other Celtic Nations in the UK, Scotland and Ireland, and to a lesser extent, the English county of Cornwall. Officially, Wales is Bi-Lingual, with both Welsh & English being the official language of the country. Although an official language of the country, Welsh is spoken by a minority of the country. With around 30% of the population classing themselves as Welsh speakers.
This is likely inpart linked to the historical and political differences and links to England. The population of Wales is 3.2 million, with around 1.9 million of those living within an hour of Cardiff, which is less than 40 miles from the English Border. In the densely poplulated South East, Cardiff is the only area where more than 25% of people can speak Welsh. In other parts of Wales, such as Gwynedd in North Wales, nearly 80% of people are Welsh speakers. Typically parts of Wales with the lowest percentage of Welsh speakers are within 30 minutes of Cardiff or the border with England. The further into Wales you go, the more common Welsh will become.
Welsh Speakers in Wales
In South Wales, you are unlikely to hear much Welsh being spoken on the streets. Those that can, and do speak Welsh, will normally be working for either Welsh Government, or a Council or some other job, where being able to speak Welsh is a requirement, and most of the time will only speak Welsh whilst working. With the exception of small pockets of people, almost nobody in South Wales, speaks Welsh as a first language. If you asked most people in South Wales if they speak it, unless they work for Welsh Goverment, a council or their job requires them to be able to speak Welsh, the chances of getting a “Yes” as an answer would be very slim.
In North Wales, you are much more likely to hear Welsh. Many people in North Wales will speak Welsh as a first language, and you will likely hear it being conversed between people as they walk along the street. Something you almost certainly wont hear on the streets of Cardiff. If you attempt to speak Welsh to someone in a shop, or on the street in a town like Caernarfon, you will likely be met with a broad smile. If you tried the same in Cardiff, you will likely be met with confusion. In both parts of the country, the effort to learn and speak Welsh will be greatly appreciated. In the south though, they probably wont have a clue what you will have said.
The same applies to Welsh Culture and tradition. Whilst all Welsh people are passionate about their country, and their history. South East Wales is much more anglisiced than other parts of Wales. Whilst the culture and tradition hasnt been forgotten, or discarded, it isnt as prevalent in day to day life, as other parts of Wales.
Somethings about Welsh culture are consistant throughout Wales though. Such as Welsh Cakes & the Welsh Dragon.
Money & Tipping
Just like the rest of the UK, the currency in Wales is Pounds Sterling. With the exception of very few places such as Marks & Spencers, no where will accept any form of currency other then pounds sterling. Cash is not really required in most of Wales, as almost everywhere, even small traders, accept card payment. However, having a small amount of cash on you (£50-£100 in £10 notes would be plenty) is recommended incase card machines arent working or there are internet issues. Aside from the convenience of not having to change cash into Sterling, there is also the safety aspect of not having to carry cash.
Just as Wales, Scotland & Northern Ireland also use Pounds Sterling as their currency, but they do have their own bank notes. Scottish & Northern Irish Bank Notes are legal tender in Wales, although shops can refuse to accept them if they choose too.
Previously Scottish notes used to be a different colour to Bank of England notes, and were easy to identify. In recent years, the Bank of England and the Scottish Banks have updated their respective bank notes and now they are the same colours. £5 green, £10 brown & £20 purple. Although they still have different designs.
In some countries like the USA, tipping is a huge part of the culture. Just as the rest of the UK, tipping is not a huge thing in Wales. Where as in the US, tipping is expected for pretty much everything, and the workers rely on tips to be able to earn enough money to pay their bills, the situation is slightly different in Wales. This can leave some people visiting Wales from the US wondering what they should do. Would tipping be viewed as an insult, is a tip expected, would not tipping be viewed as an insult. These are questions I have been asked before by guests from America, who were aware that tipping in the UK was different to America.
In the USA, many people rely on tipping as the basic wage is so low, they essentially need the tips to survive. In Wales, we have a minimum wage that is designed to ensure everyone working gets paid at the very least enough to pay their bills. Essentially, our basic wages are higher, so no body has to rely on tips to survive in Wales.
Whilst not essential, it is still customary to tip certain professions, particularly in the service industries.
Concierge service for example. If someone brings your bags to your hotel room, it would still be customary to tip them.
Bar Staff, you wouldnt tip them every round, but if you are purchasing a large round (say 7 or 8 drinks), or you have been served by the same member of staff several times, you may want to say “and get one for yourself”. Here they would normally add a small drink to the total, and take the money out of the till and put it into a tip jar which is shared out amongst all the staff, usually at christmas.
Many restaurants now automatically add on a “service charge” which is a percentage of the bill. This is usually 10%-15% of the bill which is added on automatically. This is essentially the restaurant adding a 10%-15% tip on to the bill already, so there would be no need to add a second tip. If the restaurant doesnt have a “service charge” then it is customary to tip around 10%-15%
Tipping the taxi driver is customary, but not as common place as it used to be. Traditionally the tip for the taxi driver would have been “keep the change”. As we move towards a cashless society, and more and more taxi’s have card readers, and rise of the likes of Uber then the opportunities to say “keep the change” are less and less. You can still tip the driver with extra cash if you want to. If you are paying by card the driver would welcome you telling them to round it up to the next £5 or £10 or to add on £X.
If you have been on an exceptional tour, and you thought the tour was well planned, and your guide was knowledgeable and accomodating, feel free to give them a tip at the end of the tour.
The key word in everything here is “customary”. Not tips are expected, and no tips are mandatory. In certain situations like restaurants and taxi’s a tip is anticipated, not expected. If a tip is given, it is always welcome. If a tip is not given, then whilst there may be some disappointment about not recieveing an anticipated tip, you will not be thought of as rude, and it certainly wont affect anyones ability to pay bills. Regardless of the job, all tips are very much welcomed and appreciated.
When visiting Wales, unless you are planning on spending the whole time in your hotel, you will need to get around. Most of Wales is served by Trains, buses and public transport, so it is possible to get around Wales using public transport alone. However, some parts of Wales are served better and more frequently than others.
Direct Trains run regularly between London and Swansea, stopping in Cardiff, so getting to Wales from London is not a problem. There are also regular train services to Cardiff from all other parts of the UK. Getting around Cardiff and South East Wales on public transport is also fairly easy with regular local bus services and local train services going around South East Wales. In Cardiff, many buses run every 10-15 minutes.
As you move into rural Wales, things get slightly less easy. Train lines cover most of Wales, but moving from one part of Wales to another may mean two or three trains.
For example a train from Fishguard to Aberystwyth may involve a train from Fishguard to Cardiff, then a 2nd from Cardiff to Shrewsbury, before a third from Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth. This despite them being less than 60 miles apart, and a little over an hour and a half drive.
The same journey could be done using train from Fishguard to Carmarthen, and then a bus from Carmarthen to Aberystywyth and would take around 3 and half hours. Such a journey can be done using local bus services, but this would take around 3 hours. Depending on the time of day, it could be 2 hours between buses.
Services do get slightly better in North Wales, with buses and trains becoming more connected and regulary.
With a bit of planning, and alot of patience, it is possible to travel around Wales purely by Public Transport if you wish and want an adventure. Although we wouldnt recommend it. Especially if you are planning on seeing most of Wales.
Trains in Wales are run and operated by Transport for Wales (TfW). They are currently in the process of building a “South Wales Metro” to create intergrated public transport across South Wales using Trains, buses and trams. They are also looking to improve a more intergrated public transport service across the rest of Wales. At the moment though, this is a long way way off.
As with tipping, this part will largely depend on where you are coming from when visiting Wales. Those used to driving in Europe, will have little to no problems driving in Wales. Guests from America who have never been on European roads before may find the experience of driving when visiting Wales, a little different to what they are used to. Particularly some of our country roads.
The main thing to remember when driving in Wales, is we drive on the left and our vehicles are right hand drive. This may sound obvious, even to who normally drive a left hand drive vehicle on the right. However, many times I have gone to start a tour, and one of my guests have sat in the drivers seat, and been momentarily confused as to why there is a steering wheel in front of them. They know we are on the left, but they are so accustomed to the right hand seat being the passenger seat, and have got into it without thinking. So accidentally driving on the wrong side of the road, is a real possibility.
Distances on road signs are miles. In continential Europe, distances and speed limits KM. Many of our roadsigns will have a place name and a number, indicating how many miles it is.
If you are used to reading signs in KM and see this one, you might think Llandeilo is 19km away. The sign is miles and Llandeilo is 19 miles away, which is over 30km.
The speed limit on each road will depend on a number of different factors. Type of road, location of road, condition of road, roadworks. Unless someone is going significantly over the speed limit for the road, or are driving in a dangerous manner, most speeding offences are dealt with by post. Either from a fixed speed camera, or a mobile speed camera. These days it is very rare to get pulled over in person and issued with a speeding ticket. It is important that you know what the speed limit is for the road you are on, to avoid any fines arriving in the post on your return home.
The three main types of speed camera in the UK are;
A fixed point permanent speed camera. These are fixed in the same location, and record your speed at a fixed point. If you are exceeding the speed limit at that exact point, you will be sent a fine in the post
A average speed camera. These are a series of cameras spread over a number of miles. Each camera records you as you pass it, and then works out how long it took you to get from Camera A to Camera B to Camera C to Camera D. It can then work out your average speed along the road. If this is more than the speed limit, you will be sent a fine in the post.
You will tend to find fixed point cameras in Urban City areas, and Average speed cameras on Motorways. Gradullay some councils are replacing fixed point permanent speed cameras with average speed cameras, as they are more effective at reducing speed. Over time, people learn where the fixed point cameras are, and slow down just for the camera, then speed up again after it. It is not possible to do this with an average speed camera
Additionally some councils, have begun replacing the old analogue Gatso Fixed Speed (pictured above) with digital fixed point cameras, tha look like average speed cameras, but are in fact fixed point speed cameras
Mobile Speed Camera. These are usually in a van as pictured, which will park up in a set location for a couple of hours and film traffic going past. In the van there is a speed radar camera which will record speed and issue a ticket to offending vehicles. These can either have the camera pointing out of the rear window as in the picture, or out of the side.
As these are mobile, they will mor=ve around throughout the day. They are effective as no body really knows when a camera van is going to on a specific site, so many people will slow down in certain areas, just in case.
The police and councils have to advertise the locations the camera van may be, and it can only be used in certain authorised locations. These locations can be found online. BUT they dont have to say when it will and wont be there.
Many police cars and police bikes are also equipped with the same cameras as the mobile camera vans, and may park up and just record traffic speed, much like a van would. Whether van, car or bike, if one of them records someone speeding, a fine is sent in the post. Only in cases of very high speed or dangerous driving would a Police Car or Police Bike pull over the driver of a speeding car.
Types of Road
There are really 5 types of roads in the UK, Motorway, Dual Carriage Ways, Single Carriage Ways, Country Lanes
This is a Motoway. They are high speed roads that run between cities. Normally they are 3 or 4 lanes in each direction seperated by a central reservation, although some older ones will only have two lanes each way. Most will also have a hard shoulder, which is to be used in emergencies only.
Some vehicles and drivers, such as slow moving vehicles, cycles and learner drivers are not allowed to use motorways.
The national speed limit on this road is 70mph
This is a dual carriage. They are multi purpse roads, and can be used to travel be towns and cities aswell as around town. Just like Motorways they have a central reservation. Some will have a hard shoulder aswell. As the name suggests, a dual carriageway normally, has two lanes travelling in each direction, although some will have 3 or even 4.
Any road user is allowed to use a dual carriage way.
The national speed limit on this road is also 70mph
This is an unrestriced single Carriageway road, and is the most common type of road. As the name suggests there is one lane of traffic going each way. They are used to travel between town and cities, aswell as around towns and cities. They can be found in Urban and rural areas.
The national speed limit on this road is 60mph
If there are street lamps no more than 200m apart, its a restricted single carriage way, and the national speed limit is 20mph
Even though this picture shows a road with two lanes travelling in each direction, it is still classed as a single carriage way. For a road to be a double carriage way it MUST have a physical central reservations
There are street lamps in this picture so the national speed limit is 20mph. If there were no street lamps it would be 60mph
This is a country lane. Even though it is only the width of one car, it is infact a two way road with cars travelling in either direction. It is also classed as a “non-restricted” single carriage way
This means, it is legal to drive along this road at 60mph.
Its not safe or recommended, but it is legal
If you meet a car coming the other way, one of you will have to reverse to a spot where you can pass each other. There is no set legal right of where that says who has to reverse. This is decided on the spot between the drivers, although it is common practice for the driver closer to a passing spot to reverse
Common road signs
Most of the road signs in the UK are self explanatory. However here are a couple of the more common signs that arent immediately obvious. If you are driving in the UK, I recommend getting your hands on a copy of the Highway Code though.
As Wales is a bilingual country all road signs are in both English & Welsh. In South Wales, English is first, with the Welsh Translation written below it. Further north where speaking Welsh becomes more prevalent, this reverses, with Welsh first, and the English Translation below it. The letters for both languages are the same size regardless of in Wales the sign is.
National Speed Limit
For a Motorway and dual carriage way with a physical central reservation this is 70mph
For a single carriage way without street lights this is 60mph
For a single carriage way with street lights no more than 200m apart this is 20mph
Applicable Speed Limit
Regardless of the type of road you are on, a red circle with a number in the middle indicates the posted speed limit. The number in the middle is the speed limit in force. This sign would indicate a 20mph speed limit is in place.
The speed limit then stays at what ever the sign says, until another sign indicates otherwise. This could be a national speed limit sign, or a higher or lower speed limit. If no speed limit signs are on a stretch of road, the national limit applies.
Give way to Oncoming Traffic
Usually found at a traffic calming road narrower, or where the road narrows due to buildings or a natural obstruction
Pritority over oncoming traffic.
Also usally found at a traffic calming road narrower, or where the road narrows due to buildings or a natural obstruction on the opposite side to the “Give way to on coming traffic sign